Category Archives: literature

So looking through my search terms…

…I found that most people (unrelated to the people in the class I’m taking) stumbled onto my blog while searching for three things. The first was for some of the anime that I had reviewed, and the second was for information about Tantarian (the unofficial mascot of the Library of Alexandria, who I will sort of be making a post about as the semester finale).

The third and most popular search term was for magical realism– specifically, information about the short story that gave me the idea to make that post in the first place: “The Third Bank of the River”. It seems like a lot of students have a class that was similar to mine. So they came to my blog hoping to make sense of that thing. Sadly, they did not get the information that they needed. This is very unfortunate, as there is pretty much no information about “The Third Bank” anywhere on the internet, and you’d better believe I was looking for some as I was reading it.

So to you poor people who had that story forced on them, first: My deepest sympathies. I understand exactly how you’re feeling right now.

Second: Do not despair! With the help of my handy-dandy World Lit notebook, I will now try to give you the information you require.

Note that these are direct transcriptions of my in-class notes. I am not responsible for your inability to interpret the stuff I scribbled down while daydreaming about getting back to my room and going back to sleep.


–Rosa marked significant transition in Latin-American lit– magical realism

–boat = responsibility/adulthood? possibly running away from/rejecting death

–is it the family keeping him there? why did he stay?

–dichotomy – so close and so far away – in a moving river but never moving – certain empowerment from being in the river

— not a physical barrier btwn river + shore – symbolizes conflict in life

— movement vs. permanence – father stays still, son never moves on

–moving water = life, father immersed in life, but not moving w/it – tension btwn him + people on shore – it’s them who are removed from life

–transcend logicality (this is underlined but WordPress doesn’t have an underline button) – move to the third bank (this is also underlined), the illogical, irrational one

–illogical things not questioned, not meant to be taken literally

–where real forms are combined in ways that do not conform to daily reality

–very popular in Latin America – response to Western logic/realism

–art of surprise – messes w/time/narrative structure

–start in realistic settings, but no logical explanation – not about finding the answer.


I hope that was useful in some way (even if just for a confused laugh)! Again, none of those magic realism things are by themselves bad. Shows like Utena use them masterfully, and that’s why I love a good fantasy like that. But this story… ugh.

The next post will probably be my last. It will be a tribute to the origins of this blog’s namesake, the Library of Alexandria. Yes, it involves a city called Alexandria which does happen to have a library in it.

It's actually in Alexandria Castle, but whatever.


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A Brief Tribute to Anne McCaffrey,1926-2011

First of all, I apologize for not updating in nearly a month. This semester has been extremely difficult for me. Hopefully I’ll be able to make a few more posts before classes end.

When I heard that Anne McCaffrey, author of the Dragonriders of Pern series as well as countless other fantasy and science fiction novels, had passed away November 21, I knew I had to write something about her, no matter how brief. I already mentioned her  in my post about Tamora Pierce back in September as one of the first fantasy/sci-fi authors to have a main female protagonist, but her contributions to the speculative fiction community were far more than that.

McCaffrey was the first woman to win a Hugo or a Nebula award, both extremely distinguished awards for science fiction and fantasy. Her books were some of the first science fiction novels to make it to the New York Times Best Seller List. She also paved the way for other female sci-fi and fantasy writers, such as Marion Zimmer Bradley (Darkover series) and Ursula K. Le Guin (Earthsea series). These were all somewhat before my time, but my parents read them avidly.

I’m not a huge Pern fan, though I started reading my dad’s collection at an early age, and I know I’ve said before that I don’t consider those books pure fantasy. In fact, they’re mostly science fiction with a few fantasy elements. However, her portrayal of dragons was hugely influential for fantasy. I loved Anne McCaffrey’s dragons, even though I didn’t like the much more science-fictiony direction the later books took.

I didn’t always agree with McCaffrey’s opinions, or love everything that happened in her books. But I was quite saddened to find out about her death, as were my parents. It was just one more thing to mark the passing of a generation of creators of speculative fiction. They’ve made me want to create fascinating and memorable worlds from an early age, just like these authors and more. My inspirations are the ones who came before me, and for that, I thank them.

Rest in peace, Ms. McCaffrey.

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Back on Schedule!

Sorry for the long delay. This semester has been beating me up lately, and it’s difficult to find the time to write these things. I’ll try to at least have something up for these last few weeks.

I’m also writing most of this very late at night, hyped up on caffeine and sugar, procrastinating from the two papers I should be writing. I apologize in advance for clumsy writing and any typos I may miss.


So. This was going to be my analytical post about Harry Potter, and I had it all planned out and everything, but I don’t feel like writing it right now. Instead, I’m going to take a more personal approach and talk about how this series has impacted my life. Then I’ll get into why I think it ended up becoming so beloved and successful.

I grew up in a family of readers. You can’t walk five feet in my house without tripping over a book. Fiction, nonfiction, any genre and subject matter imaginable, it’s there. Every time I go home and look around for books, I rediscover something or find something new. My parents and I have our own bookshelf(ves), though we borrow from each other’s liberally.

I don’t think any Harry Potter book has ever been on any one bookshelf in my house. They all end up in places that are easily accessible: the dining room table, the big armchair, the kitchen next to the cookbooks, even the bathroom. Both bathrooms. It’s the only book series that I can have detailed discussions with both my parents about. (Well, not really, but it’s the only one where all three of us are very familiar with the material). 

My grandmother was also a big reader and Harry Potter fan, and a lot of my later memories of her are of us reading and talking about the books together. I would bring books to her in the hospital, as many as I could carry, and make sure that at least one of them was a Potter book. She preordered the books for all of her grandchildren, including Half-Blood Prince, but never got to read that one, as she passed away two months before its release in July 2005. The day the package came to the door, I spent all day in my room reading (warding off my parents from reading over my shoulder at mealtimes). Every time I got to a character or a theory my grandmother and I had discussed, I wished that she could be there reading it with me, and I still think of our times together fondly every time I reread it.

Harry Potter didn’t just impact my relationship with family members. A girl who I became friends with in middle school was dyslexic and initially hated reading, something I found impossible to fathom. I finally got the books on tape from the library for her to listen to as she read along, so she had no choice but to give into my demands to read. Eventually she started reading them on her own, and fell in love with them. Her reading improved drastically, and she began to devour every book I recommended and find some favorites of our own. Often she would thank the Harry Potter series for helping her to love books (something I’ve heard happened to a lot of people who were initially against reading). Our friendship (which was  based on more than Harry Potter and books, don’t worry) lasted for many years and several moves across the country, until she eventually moved to Hawaii and we lost touch in high school. When I think about her, I hope that her love for books, started with Harry Potter, has not diminished, wherever she is now.

As for me, well, of course I love the series. I sort of fell out of full-on fan mode after Half-Blood Prince, especially after I went into high school and started to get really into anime and console video games, but I’ll still pick up one of the books if I find it lying around the house. There’s something special about these books, which had such a strong impact on me and so many people around the world.

Why? How did they get so popular? I’m sure that there are plenty of other people who have written lots and lots (I just typed ‘splendidly’ there… I need to go to bed) of long academia things trying to explain exactly that, involving lots of statistics and stuff like that. It was the right place and the right time. There was a niche that needed to be filled. J.K. Rowling got lucky. Whatever.

Let’s be honest, Rowling is not an incredibly good writer, although she did improve over time. I actually preferred George R. R. Martin’s prose. What she is good at is storytelling. Worldbuilding. Character developement. Her world is engaging and relatable while still managing to be whimsical and fantastic; her themes are clear and strong; her love for what she has created is obvious. In short, Harry Potter moves beyond shallow entertainment and into something that can be talked about, and wondered about. It’s not ‘Art’ — its main goal is to tell a story. But it makes people care. And once you start caring about a story, it’s got you.

You can’t simply rely on bizarre architecture, or flying unicorns, or lists of spells to make good fantasy. The trick is taking these things and making it so that people care about them. I cared about Harry Potter. I wondered how the series was going to end. I hoped that he would defeat Voldemort and live happily ever after. I ultimately did not care about the people in A Game of Thrones. The story didn’t ‘catch’ me, even though technically the writing was better.

Some of this is a matter of personal opinion, of course, since I know plenty of people who love A Game of Thrones. But even so, my point still stands. Fantasy settings should not be used as a crutch. They should be used to enhance the story, adding new depth and possibilities. And that’s what Harry Potter did.

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Tantarian’s Guide for Avoiding Fantasy Pitfalls

Bad fantasy. It’s out there. A lot of it.

This will be a brief guide of some of the problems inherent to fantasy literature and how to avoid them (I’ll be covering fantasy artwork in a later post). Now, a lot of problems like poor characterization, infodumping, overuse of descriptions, and so forth are just examples of bad writing, and can happen in all literature. What I’m showing here is not how to write properly, but how to tell an interesting fantasy story. Maybe someday, when my own prose improves, I’ll talk a bit about the former. But not here.

I know that most of my readers don’t write fantasy, or even write at all, but I’d still like to give you a sense of what works and doesn’t work, and what I personally like and dislike. To those who do plan to write– good luck, and I hope this guide is useful to you!


1. All fantasy is derivative, but that doesn’t mean you can rip off someone else’s work.

Yes, I said it. No fantasy work will ever be completely original. You can trace most contemporary fantasy back to Tolkien, and trace him all the way back to folktales and mythology. This is true of all genres, of course, but I think it’s particularly important for fantasy writers to understand this.

Now, this is not in itself a bad thing, or even a problem. The problem is when writers don’t even try for any originality. It’s okay to draw inspiration from your favorite authors, but there’s such a thing as going to far. When I read a fantasy novel I should be going,” Oh, that character/concept/whatever was inspired by some other book, and here’s this author’s unique take on it.” I should not be complaining, “Hey, that’s the exact same character/concept/whatever from some other book. No, really, it’s exactly the same.”

Build on what you have borrowed from others, don’t just use it as is. Oh yeah, and if you have something totally original that’s never been done before… stop and think for a moment why.

2. Use stereotypes wisely, and do not overuse.

I’m not going to say ‘avoid all stereotypes’, because a lot of them still exist for a reason: they work. They’re a good starting point for creating a character. But like I said in the first point above, you need to build on what you already have. Try playing with readers’ expectations for a character. Switch things up a bit. A good idea is to think about a character that you would like to read about, not just a character that’s easy for you to write.

It’s also possible to have characters who are well-developed stereotypes (In fact, I will be talking about that a bit next week). While this makes them immediately identifiable, they also become far too predictable. It’s up to you whether you prefer to sacrifice originality for something that’s tried-and-true but possibly boring. The latter is fine for side characters, but an uninteresting main character is never a good idea.

2.5. They’re horses, not robots.

This is really just my little pet peeve, but I felt like it needed to be addressed because I have seen it in pretty much all high fantasy ever. I have worked with horses for over ten years, and they are big horrible slobbery things that break their legs every five minutes because they have no brains. (Not really. But sometimes I feel that way about them.) They are ridiculously delicate creatures who require constant supervision so they don’t catch a cold and die.

Galloping across the rippling plains for days on end might look pretty cool in a movie, but not when your horse collapses from exhaustion foaming at the mouth with its legs all twisted inward and it looks at you with big desperate eyes as it thrashes on the ground and then you have to put it down and all the little children cry at your movie and never want to see it again– can you live with that? Can you??????

Also you can’t actually jump onto your horse’s back from a two-story window. The Westerns lied to you.  Sorry.

3. Create a consistent world.

Fantasy logic varies wildly from story to story. You can have the most carefully crafted and detailed set of magic rules ever that take ten pages just to explain, or you could just have everything powered by happy thoughts and be done with it. You can have an imaginary world with a complex socio-political history that could take years to analyze properly, or you could have Vaguely-Defined Fantasy World #2343. All of these are fine. But I, the reader, have something called ‘the suspension of disbelief’. As a fantasy reader, mine happens to be very, very high. So if you break it, there’s a problem. Don’t make me think, “There’s no way that should have happened according to the rules that were already set up!”

And if you have created an established magical Deus Ex Machina that can fix everything so you can write yourself easily out of difficult situations, I will roll my eyes at you. Really.

4. On how to write believable female characters.

I have heard way too many people (and not just men) complain that they can’t write female characters. Well, I have a solution for you.

Ready, everyone?

Write her exactly as you would any other character.

That is, don’t write ‘men’ and ‘women’. Write people. Feminine and masculine ‘characteristics’ all come down to stereotypes in the end anyway– they’re only a starting point. Your battle-hardened adventurer is not going to go off and have a giggly slumber party with all her girlfriends just because she’s female (okay, she might, but only if it fits her character). Because all fantasy women are good for are looking pretty, getting kidnapped and talking about boys and clothes, right?

Fantasy is a great place to find great female characters (and other minorities not commonly or accurately represented in the real world) because there are no limits except for the ones you set. That’s one of the things I love so much about speculative fiction.

And if you’re still confused about this, go read a Tamora Pierce book or something. I mean, come on.

5. Choose a style and stick with it.

This one should be self-explanatory. Just like your logic should be consistent, your tone should be consistent as well (unless you’re deliberately changing it for shock value or to subvert the story thus far, which can take some practice). If you’re doing Tolkien-style high fantasy, your characters aren’t going to be talking like 21st-century teenagers, and if you’re doing contemporary urban fantasy they won’t be speaking in Elizabethan English. I’d talk about avoiding purple prose as well, since that pops up in fantasy alarmingly often, but that’s more about bad writing.

6. Do some research before you start writing anything.

Yeah, yeah, I know… It’s fantasy! But really, even if you’re planning to make things happen that are deliberately unrealistic for the cool factor, you should probably know how to do them properly beforehand. Kind of like how a writer should know how to write in standard English before they start playing with words, or how an artist should learn basic essentials like composition and anatomy before they start drawing magic marker faces in five different dimensions.


I have even more to say, but this post is late anyway, so I’m done for now. If you liked this post, make sure to read the companion art post (coming hopefully in late November). Sorry for the lack of pictures, there will be plenty next time!


Next time: Some good old classic high fantasy and… wait, are those giant robots?

“I haven’t hunted dragons in a long time. This is going to be such fun!”

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Magical Realism

This post is not on the schedule. I just needed to rant a bit about something somewhat fantasy-related, and this seemed like a good place to do it.

This week I had to read João Guimarães Rosa’s short story “The Third Bank of the River” for a class. This story belongs to a genre known as “magical realism“. This is a strange and broadly defined genre which in some cases is clearly like fantasy but in others is not. Its broadest definition is when magical, supernatural, or otherwise illogical elements blend with a clearly realistic, logical world. The results can be… strange.

So what counts as magical realism? Well, Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis does, for one. Realistic world, completely illogical and inexplicable event. Does it count as fantasy? Sort of. But not the type of fantasy that I like or am interested in.

Going back to “Third Bank”, the things that happen in that story (which I don’t think I can even summarize) are bizarre, illogical, and pointless. And they’re meant to be. See, the reason magical realism became so popular was part of a backlash against Western ideals of literature. Since the 19th century, the Western world has been obsessed with the rational, the logical, and the orderly. Everything needs to have a point and a reason. “Third Bank” is the antithesis of this. It’s like… a story about a type of story.  It demands that the reader be in the ‘third bank’, a place beyond or between the fantastic and the logical. It’s carefully crafted and written… and makes me want to punch something every time I read it.

Remember my Info Desk? I said there that my first goal in my absorption of media is to be entertained. Magical realism (at least most of it) doesn’t do it for me.

It’s not the illogicality that bothers me, since fantasy is all about things that can’t happen in the world. I mean, in Harry Potter people can transform into animals, completely defying the law of conservation of mass (among others), and I can accept it without batting an eye, because it’s a consistent rule that has been established in that universe. It doesn’t have to make real-world logical sense as long as I can suspend my disbelief. It’s fantasy.

No, the first main problem I have with magical realism is the dissonance between the characters and the events. The whole point of magical realism is that it’s supposed to be set in a realistic world. And then you get stuff like Gregor Samsa changing into a giant bug and having the extremely understated reaction of “how am I going to get to work this way?” The characters aren’t zombies or robots. They’re supposed to be real people who act realistically. And yet they act as if nothing really fantastic or illogical has happened. This is very creepy.

However, I can even overcome all of that as long as the story holds my attention. Unfortunately, a lot of magical realism is supposed to be allegorical. The characters aren’t real people, they’re symbols. The events occurring are not literal. Now, most allegorical stories kinda rank really, really high on my list of ‘pretentious garbage I won’t touch’. The reason for that is ‘they’re really really boring’. Even if I like their message, or what they’re trying to represent, it’s all useless if it doesn’t catch my interest. There’s no narrative. No development.

And what’s worse, allegorical/magic realism/postmodernist stories don’t have to be dull and underdeveloped. They can be entertaining and thought-provoking as well! The catch is that you need a good story that you can enjoy for the literal meaning and appreciate on a deeper level for the allegorical meaning.

There are some fantasy works that I have chosen not to cover for this blog. Most are non-Western fantasy based on Japanese mythology, since most of my readers probably won’t be familiar with it. The others are stuff that’s so… strange… that I’m not even sure how to review or recommend them.

Revolutionary Girl Utena falls in the latter category. It’s a deconstruction of the shojo genre (Princess Tutu has been described as ‘Utena lite’) that also happens to have allegorical and magical realism elements. Dissonance between people and events, symbolism popping out of every frame, bizarre scenes that go nowhere, an inconclusive ending… roses everywhere… the car… and the elevators with the mausoleum plots… the arena full of desks and the outlines of bodies…

This picture is here to break up the text. Yes, it’s raining rose petals.

…Sorry, got distracted there. Anyway, as you can see, Utena has pretty much all the things I despised in other magical realism stories. Aaand it just so happens to be one of my favorite anime series of all time. Wait, what?

See, here’s what Utena has that all those other things didn’t: stunning visual and sound presentation, an engaging plot that can be interpreted literally and allegorically, and complex, developed, relatable characters. Plus, they even explain why all of the weird stuff is happening! (At the end of the series, so long after you’ve become completely lost, but still.)

Why can’t more magical realism stories do that? Because The Metamorphosis would have been way less boring if there were sword duels in a giant arena high above a magical forest every chapter. Seriously.


Yikes, this got way too long. Sorry guys, I guess I had a lot to say. I’m done now. Gaiman on Monday!

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So I’m a girl who likes fantasy.

It’s more common than you’d think, actually. And I’m not just talking about Twilight fans.

The fact that there are female fantasy fans–and authors– is not new. Anne McCaffrey’s Dragonflight came out in 1968 with a female protagonist, so they’ve been around for quite a while. And as for modern authors, one only need look at J.K. Rowling, the world’s first billionaire author, who moved her fantasy epic into mainstream consciousness.

But the Dragonriders of Pern series is for adults, and Harry Potter is, well, not a female protagonist. At eleven, I was all into high fantasy, especially Tolkien. I loved The Hobbit– still do, in fact– but you can’t help but notice the distinct lack of women in that book. I also thought Eowyn was basically the best thing ever with her horses and swords and death charges, and I wanted to see more of her, but the Two Towers movie hadn’t come out yet, so nothing doing.

And then one day, I found Tamora Pierce.

This is a cover from one of her earlier books:

Awesome? Or REALLY AWESOME???????

For you people out there going, “Huh?”, Tamora Pierce is a young adult fantasy writer who typically has female protagonists and medieval high fantasy settings, with lots of worldbuilding and politics thrown into the mix. She has two main worlds: the Tortall universe, which focuses more on knights and heroic adventures, and the Circle universe, which focuses more on magic and mages. Her Song of the Lioness series is the first set in Tortall, and stars a girl named Alanna (see above),  who disguises herself as a boy in order to become a knight. Really awesome adventures ensue.

I was probably a bit young to be reading those books, especially the later ones, but it was the library’s fault for putting them in the children’s section. And I’m really glad they did, because Alanna was my model for fantasy women– she basically set the standards for how far I would tolerate badly written female characters in my fantasy media.

Alanna was  a well-rounded character who didn’t abide by common stereotypes of women, she was just as capable as her fellow male knights, and she was completely independent, never existing solely as a love interest. She eventually did get married and start a family, but she was the one who went to war, not her husband.

I also love the variety of Pierce’s heroines; she never writes the same character over and over. Alanna’s daughter Aly is very different from her mother and finds her talent in places other than fighting, while Kel, the first woman to train openly for knighthood, sometimes resents that everyone is constantly comparing her to Alanna. Not all of them are action girls, either, as the nonviolent and  feminine Sandry from the Circle Universe can attest, but Sandry is still a perfectly capable person and can get rid of anything that threatens her or her friends.

They also all look very different, and none of them are ‘traditionally’ beautiful, just like there are a large variety of appearances for male characters. I would love to see more of this in general fantasy (and everything else, really)– women judged  not by their appearance, but their abilities.

I loved these books as a teenager, and I still read through them every so often. I would recommend them to anyone, not just girls, who loves good fantasy and YA fiction.


…Well, that wasn’t much of a rant, was it? I have to learn to stay on topic here.

I suppose my real point for this post is that I want to see female characters like that as the rule, not the exception. It has gotten much better since Pierce started publishing Alanna books back in the 80’s, but there’s still a long way to go.

I was going to use other examples of fantasy women and see if they  matched up to Pierce’s heroines at all, but most examples flying through my head were that of video game women. I could make a whole series of posts about the video game industry’s treatment of women, but thankfully, it’s already been done for me.

Enjoy. Or not.

Next time: I talk about an old animated movie for kids… or is it?

Childhood nightmares returning...

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Tolkien Talk

Okay, so originally my plan was going to be to talk about J.R.R. Tolkien’s works in some detail, but I don’t actually have any of the books with me, so this post will be a bit more meta than I’d expected.  I hope I’m being coherent here, I’ve been sick all week and it’s hard to concentrate on the topic.

So, Tolkien. I’m sure even non-fantasy fans are at least somewhat familiar with the Lord of the Rings; if not the books, probably the movies. This isn’t high fantasy, it’s the high fantasy. There are Tolkien scholars. Yes, people get actual degrees in analyzing someone’s imaginary world. It’s not really the story that everyone’s interested in, which ends up boiling down to pretty standard hero’s journey material, and all those other things you expect to see in an epic (fyi, A Game of Thrones is also epic fantasy, although its tone is drastically different).

In creating Middle-earth, Tolkien borrowed quite a bit from humankind’s original fantasy– mythology, folklore and legend–  and took much of the rest from his studies of linguistics and literature as a professor at Oxford University.  The sheer scope of Middle-earth and the amount of material on it, its geography, its races, its language, and just about everything else is staggering. This is a man who was absolutely qualified to create an entire creation mythos, and invent an entire system of language for an imaginary race. The Silmarillion, which details the story of Middle-earth’s creation all the way up to the beginning of the Third Age, reads like a combination of a bible and a history book. It’s something I can enjoy separately from Lord of the Rings, and in some ways I prefer it.

See, I’m one of those weird fans who read the books first but actually prefers the movies, because the movies are trying to tell an entertaining story, and that’s ultimately what I’m most interested in. Sometimes I don’t really feel like getting told over and over that Hobbits = Englishmen = good; Sauron = devil = bad; the Ring = the devil’s temptation, etc. (I’m not making this up. This was very much an intentional allegory on Tolkien’s part.)

Also no one likes reading all those lists of people begating other people in the bible, and he uses that way too much in what’s supposedly an adventure story about saving the world.

Anyway, I’m not saying Tolkien was a bad writer because he was too heavy-handed, since his stories can be perfectly enjoyable and read on their own without all that analysis. He is, after all, responsible for pretty much all the fantasy material that I love, and thus his works have a special place in my heart (and my bookshelf).

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“Winter is Coming.”

Terms for today’s post have been added to the dictionary. Be sure to check it every week!

A Game of Thrones by George R.R. Martin (A Song of Ice and Fire: Book One)

Synopsis: Westeros is a land where seasons last for years, not months, and a long winter approaches. Many years after Eddard Stark and his friend Robert Baratheon overthrew the Mad King Aerys and brought peace to the Seven Kingdoms, Eddard is content to remain the Lord of Winterfell, living in the quiet north with his wife and children. When Robert, now King, calls Eddard to his side to become his advisor, Eddard reluctantly complies, sensing trouble approaching, while his wife Catelyn receives a message that could plunge the kingdoms into war. Meanwhile, Aerys’ heir Viserys and his sister Daenarys plot to reclaim his lost throne. And in the forests beyond the great Wall surrounding the kingdoms, supernatural beings known as the Others are beginning to move…

Review: Ah, the fantasy doorstopper. You know, those gigantic hardcover books that can be used as weapons of deadly assault? With the fifty thousand pages and eleventy billion characters and places and other little details that you have to pretty much memorize if you want to get through the book with a minimum of confusion? Part 135346 of a series?


I’m a fast and voracious reader, so giant books that take a while to get through usually fill me with glee. I was actually sort of reluctant to get started on this series (more on that later) but I was pleased by its unique structure, which features an ensemble cast and a ton of viewpoint characters. The appendix in the back of the book is pretty much required, but Martin also forgoes true chapters and just switches viewpoint characters every five-to-ten pages, splitting the book into manageable chunks and showing all the different sides to a situation instead of simply mentioning something once and then forgetting about it.

Martin’s prose is fluid and natural, a welcome change from all those books trying to sound old-fashioned but just coming off as pretentious. His descriptions are rich and vivid, with fantastic word choice that properly hits the targeted emotion. This, combined with the short sections which you can easily catch your breath at, sent me speeding through the book, reading through a three-hour car ride, not wanting to put it down at night.

There is a ton of complex political intrigue and other complications that drive the plot forward, making this a book you need to turn your full attention on. At the same time, there is a lot of humanity and emotion that can be downright painful to read. I can’t talk too much about the plot (since I’m not actually done the book  yet) and I don’t really want too, since this blog is for getting people interested, not for recapping the story. However, I would like to talk a bit about the worldbuilding Martin has done and how it sets the tone he is going for.

A Game of Thrones is true dark fantasy. This is more difficult to find than it seems. ‘Edgy’ versions of just about everything under the sun have been popping up for years, but just taking a classic fairy tale and adding a lot of sex and violence does not a dark fantasy make.

Case in point.

In fantasy, the type of world you create sets the tone for your story. Everything you include or leave out has an impact. The brutal violence, illicit and disturbing sexual relationships, and, yes, the crippled children and slaughtered puppies that this book contains is not there simply to make it more ‘edgy’. It is setting the tone of the book, and defining the world the characters live in.

See, Westeros is a medieval, magicless world– medieval with all the screwed-up values and horrible living conditions, magicless and thus defenseless against the Others, or any other supernatural beings that may appear. Also, if you’re not white male nobility, your life is basically screwed. This is a bleak, gray world.

I can think of one other true dark fantasy off the top of my head. It’s a show called Berserk, and– surprise!– it’s also set in a medieval, magicless, bleak world with supernatural beings humans are defenseless against. So why this type of setting? It’s a way of showing that essentially, no one is safe. The ‘good guys’ might not come out on top… and do we even want them to? Even if the Starks ‘win’, what’s going to change? Their lives will still suck. Tragedy will come (it came in Berserk, and I see winter approaching for Westeros). And this is only the first book of a series, so there’s plenty of opportunity for things to get even worse.

Yeah, so if you couldn’t already tell, I like my fantasy to be just a teensy bit more idealistic. I’m not talking constant friendship speeches, I just don’t like this pervasive feeling of despair. I’ll finish the book, I’ll probably even start on the rest of the series, and I have nothing bad to say about the writing or plot. Dark fantasy is just not my thing, and this will never be on a list of my top favorites.

Do I recommend A Game of Thrones? Yes, but take note of the extremely mature content contained within. And if you don’t feel like reading 800+ pages, check out the TV series, which I have heard nothing but good things about. But if it’s all right by you, I’m going back to my JRPGs.

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Filed under A Game of Thrones, fantasy talk, literature, review